Markers Found Along SR 445

29 Chinese In Nevada

at “B” Street and Pyramid Way in Sparks

This honors the heroism and hardihood of the thousands of Chinese Americans who played a major role in the history of Nevada. From across the Pacific, the Chinese came to California during the Gold Rush of ′49 and on to the mountains and deserts of this state where they built railroads, cut timber, and performed countless tasks.

Sizable Chinese communities grew up in Virginia City and other towns. Their contribution to the progress of the state in its first century will be forever remembered by all Nevadans.

18 Pyramid Lake (KOOYOOE PANUNADU)

on State Route 445, the Pyramid Lake Highway from Sparks, Nevada, overlooking the lake on its western side.

America’s most beautiful desert lake is a remnant of ancient Lake Lahontan, which covered some 8,450 square miles in western Nevada during the Ice Age. Caves and rock shelters along its shore have yielded evidence of Numu (Paiute) people living here for thousands of years.

John C. Frémont came upon the lake on January 10, 1844 and named it for the pyramid-shaped island just off the east shore. The Numu call the Pyramid formulation Wono. The Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation was created in 1859. The history of the Numu people living here has been one of contention with encroaching settlers. With the Numu victory in the first battle of Pyramid Lake, May 12, 1860, more European-American men died than in any prior engagement west of the Mississippi.

Anaho Island, just to the south of the pyramid, was established as a national wildlife refuge in 1913 and is today one of the largest white pelican nesting grounds in North America.